A look at the electorial college in america

Read more about the qualifications of the Electors and restrictions on who the Electors may vote for.

Electoral college votes by state

The real Democratic grievance is not that small states get a voice, but that big, closely divided states such as Florida, North Carolina, and Ohio get a say instead of being swamped by a few big outliers. About the Electors What are the qualifications to be an Elector? Finally, states could also adopt the kind of district-based system that Maine and Nebraska currently have, where each congressional district votes for an elector and two at-large electors are chosen in statewide votes , though doing so runs the risk of gerrymandering in presidential elections. The House continues balloting until it elects a president. In the case of the South, that unity persisted long after the Civil War. The number of electoral votes per state thus currently ranges from three for seven states and D. In particular, the Southern states had a large group of residents who were automatically disqualified from voting: slaves. The presidential election is held every four years on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. If you consider having politicians descend upon your state a benefit, the winner-take-all feature is a big plus. Multiple prominent Democratic senators, including Kirsten Gillibrand N. And the pattern has repeated itself through the years: After a one-sided election, everyone shrugs off the Electoral College, and after a close election, everyone makes a fuss for a year or two, and then the issue fades away. The Certificates are arranged — unopened — in alphabetical order and placed in two special mahogany boxes. In reality, the current system works to the detriment of both Republicans and Democrats. Those winners, all below 50 percent of the popular vote, include the first election of some very big names in American history: Lincoln, John F. For specific information about how slates of potential Electors are chosen, contact the political parties in each state.

A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress. Members of the House and Senate meet in the House chamber to conduct the official tally of electoral votes.

In the case of the South, that unity persisted long after the Civil War. With a winner-take-all Electoral College, candidates tailor their messages and direct their spending to swing states and ignore the others, even when there are lots of votes to be had.

If there are no objections or all objections are overruled, the presiding officer simply includes a state's votes, as declared in the certificate of vote, in the official tally.

Electoral college members

But overcoming lack of political will is easier than passing a constitutional amendment. The original method of electing the President and Vice President, however, proved unworkable, and was replaced by the 12th Amendment, ratified in In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings. The resolution passed the House in , but failed to pass the Senate. Would there be a runoff, which would make the campaign season last even longer and might encourage third parties? If either chamber does not agree with the objection, the votes are counted. In other words, if you think our politics is dominated by money now, it will only get worse without the electoral college. At this point the normally fastidious Adams, who had finished second to Jackson in the electoral vote, put aside his scruples and began making deals for all he was worth.

Arguments for and against the electoral college One of the most troubling aspects of the electoral college system is the possibility that the winner might not be the candidate with the most popular votes. Electors, chosen by state legislatures mostly on the basis of partisan inclination, were not expected to exercise independent judgment when voting.

Yet restricting the division of electors to whole numbers would be far more confusing, with different mathematical rules and minimum requirements in each state and often arbitrary results if your state has four votes and the popular margin ishow do you divide them?

Four presidents— Rutherford B. But was the first year popular votes were widely recorded, and the figures are of questionable accuracy.

Electoral college and slavery

If you consider having politicians descend upon your state a benefit, the winner-take-all feature is a big plus. It has long been the norm. In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes. The immediate question is what happens when no candidate gets a majority of the national popular vote i. To appease the small states, though, each state was given a single vote without regard to its size. This announcement concludes the joint session and formalizes the recognition of the president-elect and of the vice president-elect. In addition, they argue that the electoral college protects the interests of small states and sparsely populated areas, which they claim would be ignored if the president was directly elected. Would states be allowed to set different times for opening and closing their polls? Constitution contains very few provisions relating to the qualifications of Electors. See the key dates for the election and information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and the Congress in the Electoral College process. Historians have suggested a variety of reasons for the adoption of the electoral college, including concerns about the separation of powers and the relationship between the executive and legislative branches, the balance between small and large states, slavery , and the perceived dangers of direct democracy.

In a direct nationwide popular election, votes could be stolen anywhere, including in heavily Democratic or Republican states where no one would bother under the current rules.

After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions.

electoral college history

In this case, the House was restricted to breaking the tie between Jefferson and Burr rather than choosing from the top five vote-getters, as it would have done if no one had gotten a majority. By all states selected their electors by direct popular vote except South Carolinawhich did so only after the American Civil War.

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United States Electoral College