Amputation research paper

Abstract Amputation is a major health burden on the families, society, and on medical services as well.

psychological effects of amputation

Extensive information regarding the effects of amputation has not been ascertained and therefore it was decided to do a systematic review. The standardized number of cases shows how many amputations would have been performed in under the hypothetical condition of a steady demographic structure since The rate of major amputation was compared between groups using chi-square test.

Traumatic amputation

All inpatient cases with lower limb amputation were identified and stratified by eight amputation levels. Is this study, the callosal axons originated from the deafferented S1 area expressed an expansion of their terminal arbors and an increase of the number of terminal boutons within the homotopic representation S1 at the contralateral cerebral hemisphere. Left side: Observed number of cases. The rate was much higher among patients on insulin, with hypertension, cardiac diseases, chronic renal impairment, stroke Table 1 , gangrene, higher number of components, higher Wagner classification, and ischemia Table 2. This ipsilateral activation, however, no longer exists after ablation of the cortex contralateral to the healthy paw, highlighting the role of CC projections to this phenomenon Moreover, intervention studies need to be conducted to assess the effectiveness of interventions among the amputees in the local context. There was heterogeneity in the assessment of psychological morbidity in the population of amputees. These rates are generally high as compared to population-based psychiatric prevalence studies conducted in India. Unpublished material and nonpeer-reviewed material were not included as a part of the review, and hand searches of libraries were not conducted as a part of the present review.

Primary revascularization was needed for Upon careful reading of the studies, 4 of 16 were not included in the review as they did not report the prevalence of psychological distress in the study sample. In-hospital mortality by amputation levels In Therefore, residual limb stimulation would activate more cortical areas than a stimulus made in an equivalent area in control subjects.

From each subject, the estimated six motion parameters three rotation and three translation parametersalong with their first derivatives, as well the mean BOLD signals from WM and CSF voxels were selected as temporal confounding factors For each subject, an averaged functional volume was created to corregister with high-resolution anatomical data.

An fMRI task-based approach was performed using a block design model, with two experimental conditions rest and somatosensory stimulation : for each condition, 10 dynamic volumes 20 seconds were acquired 5 times, totalling dynamic volumes per acquisition 3 minutes and 40 seconds of duration.

family members of amputees
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Psychological effects of amputation: A review of studies from India