Literature review phd

Literature review structure

For a whole week I stared at my screen, scrolling up and down without adding any new information. A narrative thread Although you clearly need to write in an academic style, it can be helpful to imagine that you are telling a story. It is also important to see the writing stage as part of the research process, not something that happens after you have finished reading the literature. As you progress throughout your research you will become more adept at being able to critically synthesize information, you will have a clearer sense of your arguments and where your research fits into other debates. Then, focus on content. What information do you need and how should you organise it? EndNote and RefWorks are software packages that you can use to collect and store details of your references, and your comments on them. These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. It must relate to your study.

Engage in a dialogue with the literature, you are not just providing a summary. Write down some goals for the day, and questions for your research.

How might your research add to this understanding, or challenge existing theories and beliefs?

literature review introduction

One way of presenting the literature review is as a separate chapter within your PhD. Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading: What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define?

What was I even writing about, and how did it differ from all the other literature reviews? This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text.

Sample literature review for research paper

Having a lot of literature to report on can feel overwhelming. So, how do you tackle a literature review without getting lost? References of references If you can find a few really useful sources, it can be a good idea to check through their reference lists to see the range of sources that they referred to. So, when my supervisor asked me to see him a few days later, I was prepared to re-write my literature review. Keeping a record Keeping a record of your search strategy is useful, to prevent you duplicating effort by doing the same search twice, or missing out a significant and relevant sector of literature because you think you have already done that search. For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more: possible theoretical perspectives;. For disciplines, such as law or philosophy, where the research is more normative instead of empirical, it may be better to incorporate the literature review more diffusely throughout the thesis. A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one. When to review the literature With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins. Footer Download Now!! Guidance will be available via your own department or school and via the relevant Information Librarian. They may already have copies of articles that you can work with.

The Study Guides: What is critical reading?

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Literature Review Tips: 5 Steps to an Outstanding Paper