Loftus and palmer essay
After each video participants were given a questionnaire which asked them to give an account of the film they had seen. Participants viewed video clips rather than being present at a real life accident.
A study conducted by Yuille and Cutshall conflicts the findings of this study. Smashed They may have wanted to please the senior members and their memory capacity may not have been the same as that of the general population.
In a real life situation there would be an element of surprise and an increase in emotion. Over time, these two sources of information become merged and cannot be distinguished The independent variable was the type of question asked.
Confidence-accuracySeveral studies have reported that judges and juries place great Eye Witness Testimony words - 4 pages Eye Witness Testimony The language used by the police when interviewing witnesses and barristers during a trial may influence answers given by witnesses, this language may affect initial perception and subsequent recall.
Estimating vehicle speed is something people are generally poor at and so they may be more open to suggestion. The participants were split into three groups.
Why is the loftus and palmer study important
This may have influenced them to be more swayed by the verb in the question. When the participants were asked to recall the events described in the restaurant images, they frequently failed to remember the original information. A study conducted by Yuille and Cutshall conflicts the findings of this study. Thus, they aimed to show that leading questions could distort eyewitness testimony accounts and so have a confabulating effect, as the account would become distorted by cues provided in the question. Yuille, J. Use photographs or video clips of car accidents and write a set of questions, one of which will be the critical question. The artificiality of the setting can intimidate participants or make them more obedient. The second group were asked: How fast were the cars going when they hit each other? Certain other details that could also have influenced the participants answers include: the colour or make of the car; the driver; the ability to estimate speed. The sample was of students from the same place and studying at the same level. After each video participants were given a questionnaire which asked them to give an account of the film they had seen. Estimating vehicle speed is something people are generally poor at and so they may be more open to suggestion. Before the Loftus and Palmer undertook their studies into the effects of leading questions on memory recollection, Carmichael researched the effect of different labels on the reproduction of identical figures. Although memory is an instrument human use everyday, contemporary psychological scrutiny displayed that human memory is not a visionary reconstruction of earlier occasions making it less reliable compared to what Credability Of Eyewitness Testimony Essay words - 5 pages EWT as language; leading questions and post-event information may even distort reconstruction, further leading to memory to use and confabulation. A week later the participants were recalled and asked some more questions about the film.
Those participants in the second group were more likely to say they had seen the car stopped at the yield sign since they were given the misleading information. This study, and studies similar to it, have led to changes nowadays as to how the police question and use the information given by witnesses.
They argue that we have no way of knowing that the memory has been distorted.
The participants were split in to five groups one for each verb.
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