Natural disasters and decisions that flow
The moving snow also pushes air ahead of it as an avalanche wind strong enough to cause serious structural damage to buildings, woodlands and mountain resorts.
The cultural disregard of the humanitarian community to cost-effective approaches in times of disaster and the tendency to base decisions on perceptions and myths rather than on facts and lessons learned in past disasters contribute to making disaster relief one of the least cost-effective health activities.
Building local coping capacity is one of the most cost-effective ways to improve the quality of the national response and the external interventions.
Natural disasters or natural hazards
Smoke, haze and pollution have serious implications for human health—the local population may have to wear gas masks. For example, as a result of the earthquake that affected El Salvador in , renovation of the general hospital, the most sophisticated referral hospital in the capital, was completed 15 years after the earthquake. The key is to quickly resume, strengthen, and better monitor the routine control programs. Transparent Management of Donations and Supplies If donations and supplies are managed transparently during the emergency, the flow of assistance to the intended beneficiaries will be improved. A national training program, supported by the federal government and fully integrated with the preparedness training proposed here, should be developed for this purpose. Other associated phenomena include extremely strong winds from downbursts and flash floods. With respect to response, what is the effect of international assistance in terms of reductions in DALY losses that could not be achieved locally? Disaster risk reduction is unlikely to produce immediate results. They jeopardize the lives of millions of farmers and herders in already fragile environments. Fortunately, the experience with Katrina led federal and local governments to better prepare for disasters. Emergency Medicine Clinics in North America. Over 1, people died as a result of Hurricane Katrina; Sandy had fewer than direct victims spread throughout seven countries. National and international groups are working under the aegis of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNESCO , the International Council of Museums, and other organizations to raise awareness of the threat of natural hazards to cultural properties and to mitigate or prevent damage and losses.
The effectiveness of a warning depends on: The timeliness of the warning Effective communications and public information systems to inform the public of the imminent danger. Protecting the water supply is feasible in developing countries.
Cumulative mortality caused by small, undocumented mudslides and rockslides from water-saturated, unstable slopes probably approach the toll from well-known landslides earthquakes in Peru in and in El Salvador inand the rains in Caracas, Venezuela, in In the short term, an increased number of hospital visits and admissions from common diarrheal diseases, acute respiratory infections, dermatitis, and other causes should be expected following most disasters Howard, Brillman, and Burkle ; Malilay and others Journal of the American Medical Association.
The data also showed that these trends may worsen inequality in the U.
based on 38 review