President jacksons decision to move cherokee indians to west to mississippi river

The Cherokee used legal means in their attempt to safeguard their rights.

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Although Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, Edward Everett, and other senators spoke fervently against the treaty in the Senate, a two-thirds majority of 31 members voted for it and 15 against. But in the case of the Cherokees, their resistance and defeat were reflected as well in the rise and collapse of the extraordinary partnership between Ross and Ridge.

He became the Cherokee tribe's primary negotiator with officials in Washington, D.

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Jackson's attitude toward Native Americans was paternalistic and patronizing -- he described them as children in need of guidance. Why should they be expelled from their lands when they no longer threatened white settlements and could compete with them on many levels?

McNamara is a history expert who has been writing for ThoughtCo since Thus, the creation of Indian jurisdictions was a violation of state sovereignty under Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution.

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Not too many years later, Elias Boudinot and John Ridge were slain with knives and tomahawks in the midst of their families, while Major Ridge was ambushed and shot to death. From toJackson was instrumental in negotiating nine out of eleven treaties which divested the southern tribes of their eastern lands in exchange for lands in the west.

Despite the obscene treatment accorded the Cherokees by the government, the tribe not only survived but endured.

Indian removal act of 1830

Sugar plantations along the Atlantic coast south of St. In he had helped kill the powerful Cherokee chief Doublehead for selling tribal hunting grounds for personal profit. Forty government wagons were sent to Arkansas Post to transport them to Little Rock. As head of the National Party that opposed removal he was shrewd enough to recognize immediately that the President would attempt to play one party off against the other. Even the North Carolina Cherokees, in a separate action, added 3, signatures to a petition urging the Senate to reject it. Father and son slipped away unharmed, but by the end of the summer the Cherokees were trading rumors—false—that Ross and Major Ridge had each hired someone to kill the other. Indian tribes had become nearly extinct, Indian hunting grounds had been replaced with family farms, and state law had replaced tribal law.
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Trail of Tears