Second generation computers

first generation of computer wikipedia

Fifth generation to present The fifth generation of computers is beginning to use AI artificial intelligencean exciting technology that has many potential applications around the world. They used networks of magnetic cores instead of rotating drums for primary storage, containing small rings of linked magnetic material in which data and instructions could be stored.

examples of second generation computers

Subsequently, inIBM continued its evolution and created the most successful machine in computing history 12, units sold : the IBM transistor-based mainframe. Nearly all computers since the mid to late s have utilized IC's.

Fourth generation of computer

Though the transistor still generated a great deal of heat that subjected the computer to damage, it was a vast improvement over the vacuum tube. Webopedia's Top Computers could store more data in less space, transistors could be accommodated in the same amount of space as a vacuum tube. Vacuum tubes were larger components and resulted in first generation computers being quite large in size, taking up a lot of space in a room. It was portable to any place 3. Each of them was soldered on top of a circuit board that served to connect to other individual components. Did You Know The transistors were a major advantage to the second generation computers this is because: 1. In the first generation computers the computers were very big while in the second generation they were smaller and were also called mini computers. Second generation of computer size The first computers used vacuum tubes and occupied a considerable space up to 30m long. The first computers of this generation were developed for the atomic energy industry. However, the cost remained high. Vacuum tubes were widely used in computers from through There were two versions of the Transistor Computer, the prototype, operational in , and the full-size version, commissioned in April Microprocessors also moved out of the realm of desktop computers and into many areas of life as more and more everyday products began to use microprocessors.

They are faster as compared to the first generation computers 3. The term transistor derives from the combination of the English words transfer resistor, and is an electronic, semiconductor device with multiple functions such as amplify, oscillate, switch or rectify.

It required a cooling system 2. Microprocessors also moved out of the realm of desktop computers and into many areas of life as more and more everyday products began to use microprocessors.

Generation of computer notes

Leaps have been made in AI technology and computers, but there is still much room for improvement. These were also the first computers that stored their instructions in their memory, which moved from a magnetic drum to magnetic core technology. The transistors replaced the vacuum tubes because the vacuum tubes generated too much heat and for several times they proved to be very unreliable. It was difficult for commercial production The major differences between the first generation computers and the second generation computers include: 1. In its normal state, the semi-conductor was not conductive, but when a certain voltage was applied to it, it became conductive and the electric current flowed through it. They are small in size than the first generation computers 5. The transistor was invented at Bell Labs in but did not see widespread use in computers until the late s. Fifth generation to present The fifth generation of computers is beginning to use AI artificial intelligence , an exciting technology that has many potential applications around the world. Some of the earliest computers to use a microprocessor include the Altair , IBM , and Micral.
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Advantages and Disadvantages of Second Generation Computer